But before you take the plunge and get an IUD, it’s important to know the facts.
Just like all other forms of birth control, IUDs may not work for everyone. There are several factors, risks, side effects, and potential negatives that you need to take into account.
Let’s break it down:
WHAT IS AN IUD?
IUD, also known as an intrauterine device, is a type of birth control that inserted into the uterus. There are two types of IUDs available:
- ParaGuard: a copper IUD that works for up to 12 years
- Mirena: a hormonal IUD that releases synthetic progestin hormones and works for up to 5 years.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS?
- It’s the most effective form of birth control and has a 99.8% success rate with perfect use
- Once it’s inserted, you don’t have to think about it or remember to take a pill everyday
- It is a long term contraception option for those not looking to be pregnant in the near future
- It may make your period lighter or eliminate it altogether
- It may reduce your risk of endometrial cancer
WHAT ARE THE RISKS AND SIDE EFFECTS?
- It may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (especially if you have an STD) which can lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy in the future
- It may cause ovarian cysts
- It may cause perforation of the uterine wall
- It requires frequent checking of the device to ensure it has not been expelled from the uterus
WHAT ARE THE POTENTIAL NEGATIVES OF PARAGUARD COPPER IUDS SPECIFICALLY?
- It may cause you to have heavier periods which can lead to anemia
- It may cause extended PMS and increased menstrual cramp
- It may cause weight gain, acne, and breast tenderness
- It may cause pain or discomfort during sex
WHAT ARE THE POTENTIAL NEGATIVES OF MIRENA HORMONAL IUDS SPECIFICALLY?
- It may cause irregular periods or an unintended loss of your period altogether
- It may cause weight gain, mode changes, and breast tenderness
- It may cause a decreased sex drive and ability to orgasm
- It may cause fatigue, migraines, chest pains, hair loss, depression, or panic attacks
WHO DEFINITELY SHOULDN’T GET AN IUD?
If any of the following contraindications apply to you, you should not be using an IUD:
- An STD
- Uterus distortion
- Active pelvic infection
- Known or suspected pregnancy
- Wilson’s disease or copper allergy
- Current or previous breast cancer
- Bleeding disorder or a need for blood thinners
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